The 7th Cavalry Regiment is one of the most famous bodies of the United States Army. His prominent role and ongoing battles after the conquest of the American West during the eighteenth century has been brought to the big screen many times. Its main antagonists, the Indian tribes of Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho, enjoyed great respect among the soldiers of the 7th Cavalry, mainly because of one of his legendary weapons: the tomahawk. This kind of ax in the hands of a trained Indian warrior, could wreak havoc in the enemy, since it could be used both in combat, as a weapon mode. In the latter field the Indian tribes had a special ability, and it’s on the back of his swift horses were able to throw the tomahawk as accurately and effectively used to cause many casualties among U.S. military.
The origins of the tomahawk are unclear, although most who have studied historical sources suggest that his past birth comes from a cultural mix among Native American West and tradition of the first European settlers. The first tomahawk which had leaves aware stone, but soon began to use other features superior materials like iron or bronze. Despite this logical evolution also aware of different tomahawk most rudimentary whose head was made from the jawbone of a horse skeleton.
Most of these tomahawks had a small wooden handle about 50-60 cm long, while his head had different designs. On one side had the classic design of ax, blade sharp enough and whose main function was to cut almost any surface that crossed his path, while at the other end you could find from a more pointed, as a knife and you could easily nailed, to a more rounded which could act as a hammer and whose function was rather striking.
As a weapon of war or combat, the tomahawk is considered a weapon of short and medium range, with highly effective if handled with some skill and user has proper training. In his appearance on the television show “The Deadliest Warrior” (The deadliest warrior), the tomahawk as a weapon was extremely versatile, computer experts and technical advisors of the program, virtually inescapable releases to 3 meters away. In fact, based on its high-speed and force of impact, the experts considered that the release of a tomahawk could only dodge from a distance of 7 meters.
On the other hand, most users of these tomahawks tomahawk decorated their own silver with small stones, feathers, and other decorative elements that made their weapons totally personalized tool. On occasion even tended to indulge these decorated tomahawk to the head of the tribe or some respected figure within the tribal group.
In this sense, besides an obvious military component, the tomahawk also represented an important social factor. Above all, those tomahawk which were also used as peace pipes (with the handle completely hollow inside). Share and tomahawk smoking through it symbolized peace between two warring peoples. Another curiosity regarding the tomahawk is that the popular phrase “bury the hatchet” is strongly related to this knife. And that is when after a long battle, two peoples Indians declare peace, the symbol used to countersign was two tomahawk duly consecrated and were buried in a sacred place.
The tomahawk in the XXI century
Despite being a traditional weapon, with almost 200 years of history, in recent times the tomahawk has gotten back to the first line of the weapons of war. It has done so through a new professional equipment program promoted by the Pentagon and intended from the U.S. what is known as the “Soldier of the century”. Within this program material and basic equipment for the soldier of the future has been decided to include the tomahawk and knife official endowment. It has done so through several U.S. companies in recent years, have launched renewed designs of this legendary weapon. Among the best known firms include the American Tomahawk Company, the famous SOG Knives and RMJ Tactical’s house. Many of their products have already been seen in the hands of U.S. soldiers moved to various war zones today, such as Iraq or Afghanistan.
The new materials used tomahawk much more sophisticated than the first models of stone or horse skeleton. These changes are reflected both in the material they are made of blades (steel forging and machining of high hardness), such as that presented by their handles (polymers and high strength nylon). Although there is an element that remains intact over tomahawk primitives used by Native Americans: its unquestionable intimidating effect.